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The Comprehensive Study on Interaction among Economy-energy-carbon Emission in Hubei Provice

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Tutor: LiAiJun
School: Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Course: Thermal Power Engineering
Keywords: carbon dioxide emissions,energy consumption,interregional,scenariomodel forecast
CLC: F127
Type: Master's thesis
Year:  2013
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At the accelerating stage of industrialization and urbanization, energy is becomingmore and more important in China. But as energy consumption, the carbon dioxideemission rises rapidly and that makes our country experience enormous pressure to reduceemissions from the international societies. How to find a way not only to reduce carbondioxide emissions but also to promote sustainable development has became a difficulty andhot spot in front of many scholars. Meanwhile, as the great differences between the regionsin resource endowment and economic levels, the study on the transfer of carbon dioxideemissions between regions becomes more and more important. On the other hand,characterized by "lack of coal, less oil, exhaust" and dominated by the heavy industry,Hubei provice is the largest developed economy of the central China. As one of the firstseven provinces starting the carbon trading, the quotas allocation is the key to complete theproject in Hubei. Confirming the total carbon dioxide emissions of subsector is the premisecondition of the quotas allocation. Consequently, accurately forecasting the future energydemands and carbon dioxide emissions of Hubei provice is the primary link of the carbonemissions trading system.Firstly£¬ Based on the interregional carbon dioxide emissions model with themuiti-regional input-output for China in2007, the energy consumption and carbon dioxideemissions of eight economic areas and the interregional carbon dioxide emissions wascalculated. And the result showed that the central area had the biggest energy consumptionand carbon dioxide emissions. But it was not the biggest net transfer of carbon dioxideemissions. Largely determined by the level of economic development, the biggest nettransfers of carbon dioxide emissions were the eastern coastal area. Secondly, based on theinput-output model, the energy consumption model and the carbon dioxide emissionsmodel, and the extrapolated input-output tables of Hubei in2007, this paper showed thatthe eight energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions of the different sectors at threelow carbon contextual models of three different economic growth from2013to2020. Inorder to ensure the carbon emission credits, the carbon dioxide emissions were decomposed into the related primary energy, the related secondary energy, direct emissions and indirectemissions. So the result showed that the carbon dioxide emissions increased but the carbondioxide emissions per unit of GDP reduced from2013to2020. Up to five sectors of carbondioxide emissions were separately the oil processing coking and nuclear fuel processingindustry, the chemical industry, Non-metallic mineral manufacturing metal smelting androlling processing industry and the production and supply of electricity, gas and water.
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