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Study on the Urban Green Space Planning Based on the Characteristics of Compact City

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Tutor: HuangJinLing
School: Guangzhou University
Course: Architectural Design and Theory
Keywords: Green space,Plan,Philosophy,Spatial characteristics,Compact city
CLC: TU985.1
Type: Master's thesis
Year:  2013
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Abstract:
A large population with relatively little land is the basic condition in our country,more reason for China to become the country which is most treasured to the landresources in the world. Compact city is a rational response to the idea of sustainabledevelopment in urban plan, many scholars consider compact city is suitabledevelopment model for Chinese city. Green is the main body to maintain the naturalecosystem process of the city, in the city land structure, the green area is the largestproportion of land types. How to carry out the green space planning and constructionin the compact space and limited land space, is one of the basic contents in thecompact city planning.This paper focuses on three spatial scales which is city region central district community. In the first, analyzes the spatial characteristics of compact city on thethree spatial scales, induction and put forward nine main spatial characteristics.Summed up the spatial characteristics in city region is centralized decentralized network layout polycentric development£»spatial characteristics in central district ishigh density development multi-level development three-dimensional traffic£»spatialcharacteristics in community is compact scale mixed land use and function highdensity; then discusses the demands of green space planning in compact city beyondthe three spatial scales which is city region central district community. Based onthese spatial characteristics and demands, present the ideas for the green spaceplanning on the three spatial scales, city region:(1) set protective green belt on thescope of the edge, to construct the circular green barrier for the city (2) set mixed typering green outside the city, to prevent the spread of disorder city, put forward nineplanning concept in the all; Center:(1) the green space planning in the high densitycity should be based on four kinds forms of high density, according to the rate of eacharea, the per capita green area to determine the appropriate scale of public green space,(2) use the experience of "decentralization" concept in the city for reference, put the green space homogeneous inlaid in the city center area, and combined with thesharing platform roadside green space to form the pocket park, put forward five greenspace planning concept in the all; Community:(1) set the green belt in the outer edgeof community to maintain a compact scale,(2) take the index of per capita green area,average rate of community as the planning basis, to determine the total amount ofgreen area and construct green space as the main body of the community public spacesystem, nine green space planning concept in the all. Finally, based on the concept ofcompact city, try to put forward some suggestions for the city green space planning inGuangzhou city.This paper discusses the spatial characteristics of compact city in three spatialscales which is city region central district community. Based on these spatialcharacteristics of compact city, using text and graphics language of planning toexplaining the green space planning concept in compact city beyond the three spatialscales which is city region central district community. In order to provide referencefor our country in the compact city¡¯s green space planning.
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